Browsing all articles tagged with Excel Formula

T Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

The Excel T Function test when the supplied values are text and if so, returns the supplied text. Or else, the function returns an empty text strings.

The format of this function:

T (value)

Wherein the Value argument could be supplied to function directly or as reference to the cell containing value

How and Why Use T Excel?

If you are working with small size of sample which is less than around 30 or even 40 in the Excel, you could make use of the student T text instead of Z score or Z value to look for probability with a value that falls under a particular number or tests how far from mean a person’s observation is

Using Excel T Function

You could utilize TDIST function in making inference with regards to the population mean’s value.

For instance: If you have randomly selected twenty people from the factory floor, you can request them to attempt using a latest production technique, and discover that they could create 17. 25 items per hour mean take a value of sixteen or less. In order to do this, use TDIST function in Excel. This function makes use of the formula below:

=TDIST(x, degrees of freedom, tails)

Varying in the level of essence, you can accept or simply reject your hypothesis.

The example’s hypothesis is just one tailed, which means, you are interested in looking for the probabilities having a value less than sixteen. On the other hand, if you would need the probability having a value both below and above x, then you have a two-tailed hypothesis.

Utilizing TINV Function in Excel

If you have knowledge about the probability value and desire to search for t-value, utilize TINV function. It has the formula below:

=TINV (probability, degrees of freedom)

In case it’s on the basis of a t distribution that’s one-tailed, the probability must be multiplied by 2.

Utilizing TTEST Function in Excel

To search for probability linked with t-test of Students, utilize TTEST function. Ttest is utilize most often to evaluate the difference between 2 means. The function’s formula is:

=TTEST (data set 1,data set 2,tails,type)

In this formula, the keyed in argument can be equal to one for paired, equal to two for the two samples having variances that are equal, or equal to three for two the samples having unequal variance

When to Use Excel’s T Function

When you refer to a blank cell = A1 obtained by simply using zero (0). To use this result in another formula that can cause problems, or just might make your spreadsheet appear disordered

How You Can Utilize T Function?

TTEST function in Excel is useful in calculating the probability where two samples that are different from the similar population, assuming that populations have similar means.  The TTEST returns the probability of the Student t test, a method to test a hypothesis that is made in regards to the mean of the population sample. Named after William Sealy bellows who originally published the first article on this particular matter back in year 1908 under the pseudonym “Student.” Following are some of the way on how to use Excel function TTEST:

TTEST learn syntax. That is TTEST (array_1, array_2, tails, type).

Provide array_2 array_1 and as data sets. TTEST utilizes this data to calculate a t statistic rather than negative. PROOF.T returns # N / A in case all such data sets are different in sizes as well as the type is 1 (paired t test).

Utilize lines to signify the particular number of distribution tails. TTEST returns # NUM! Tails is a figure other than 1 or 2. TTEST returns # VALUE! Tails is not numeric.

Enter a value of 1 for a distribution queue using a queue. TTEST returns the probability having a superior t-statistic, presuming that a population represented by array_2 and array_1 have the similar mean. A value of 2 using a two-tailed distribution that returns a value two times greater than that actually returned by one-tailed distribution. This value is actually probability whereas the actual value of the t-statistic is higher even with the “same population means” assumption.

Specify the type and the type of t test to perform. A kind of 1 indicates a paired t test; a type 2 is a sample of two equal (homoscedastic) variance as well as a type of 3 indicates a two-sample unequal (heteroscedastic) variance. TTEST returns # VALUE! If the type is not numeric.

TINV Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

In Microsoft Excel application, this TINV function is a statistical function and this article will describe and discuss the improvement of this function for Excel 2003 as well as for later versions, which affects its results in various intense cases when it is being compared to Microsoft Excel’s previous versions. As stated, TINV function is considered as the inverse function of TDIST function. The TDIST’s last argument is the exact tails number within the student’s distribution, which is one of the examples. In one positive x value, TDIST significantly returns its probability for the t-distributed arbitrary variable having the df or degrees of freedom, which is equal to or greater than x or is equal to or less than negative x.

In addition, TINV function definitely returns the x value while TDIST returns the p value. Therefore, this function is evaluated through the search procedure, which returns the right x value by evaluating the certain statistical function for the different x values until the function finds the value of x that the function is acceptably near to p.


This distribution is founded by one of the employee in Guinness brewery, which is found in Dublin, Ireland.

For the simple and explainable definition of TINV function for Excel, this function takes back the t-value from the t-distribution of the Student as degrees of freedom and as the probability function. The syntax for the TINV function within MS Excel is TINV (probability, degrees_freedom). This Probability is associated with “student’s t-distribution” that is two-tailed. The degrees_freedom is considered as the figure of specified degrees of freedom, which is characterized by the distribution.

Interpretation and Remarks:

  • If each of the arguments is considered as non-numeric, then TINV displays the #VALUE! value.
  • If the probability is less than zero, then it returns the error value of #NUM!.
  • If the degrees_freedom is less than one then the TINV function returns ITS error value #NUM!.
  • If the degrees_freedom is never considered as an integer, then it’s truncated.
  • TINV function takes back the value of t, then P(x >t) is equal to the probability wherein x are random variables.
  • The t-value that is one-tailed is returned by restoring the probability having 2*probability. With the 0.05 probability as well as degree of freedom of ten, the value that is two-tailed is being calculated with the function, =TINV (0.05, 10) that returns 2.28139. This is for the similar degrees of freedom and probability that are calculated with the function TINV (2*0.05, 10) that returns the result of 1.812462.

In few tables, the probability is being explained as (1-p). For instance, given the value for the probability then TINV seeks the x value that TDIST(x, degree_freedom, 2) is equal to the probability. Moreover, the TINV function precision is depending on the TDIST precision. In addition, TINV function uses a search iterative technique. Moreover, if the search hasn’t definitely converged after one hundred iterations, then the function TINVdisplays the #N/A value.

It is imperative that you have to learn this statistical function so that you can easily use it in solving existing data problems within your spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel.

TEXT Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

Microsoft Excel is one of the well known computer software that was created by the Microsoft Company. It provides lots of advantages especially to students and even the professionals in various fields. Excel features numerous functions that can be useful particularly when the user is working with mathematical and financial calculations. Most people use Microsoft Excel just for its basic functions although it contains a broad range of complex functions which can be employed by the experts in their respective fields. One of the functions that are contained in Excel is the so-called TEXT Function. This article provides you fundamental concepts and examples that will assist you in understand how the TEXT function works. If you want to learn more, read on.

Most probably, Excel users what to display a value in the Excel spreadsheet with their desired format. Obviously, the easiest way to do that is to employ the Format Cells dialog box to alter the format of the cell’s display.

The TEXT function in Microsoft Excel permits the users to enter a function in a cell that returns a result which is converted into text. For example, you cam utilize this function to change a numerical value to currency or to alter the way a date is shown. It is also possible to make a sentence that contains the values. However, the TEXT function only works if the display remains the same.

Overview of the TEXT function

The TEXT function in Excel is utilized to convert a number value into text. The result is formatted depending on the format that was specified by the user. The formula for the TEXT function is:

=TEXT(value, format_text)

The function arguments are as follows:

  • Value – this argument is the numeric value that you wish to convert into text.
  • Format_text – this parameter specifies the format that you want to apply to the numerical value.

This article will provide you the format definitions that can be utilized in the TEXT function. These definitions mean the same when utilized in the traditional style of Excel Cell Formatting.

  • 0 – it maintains the display of a digit in its position.
  • # – it displays the digit if it can increase the accurateness of the numerical value (however, it doesn’t show the digit if there is a zero at the end of the decimal).
  • .  – It specifies the position that will be taken by the decimal
  • s – Second

s – It specifies the one or two digit form of second (i.e. 3, 47)

s – It specifies the two digit form of second (i.e. 03, 47)

  • m – Minute

m – It specifies the one or two digit of minute (i.e. 2, 56)

m – It specifies the two digit form of minute (i.e. 02, 56)

  • h – Hour

h – it specifies the one or two digit form of hour (i.e. 2, 21)

h – it specifies the two digit form of hour (i.e.02, 21)

  • d – Day of the week or month

dddd – complete name of the day (i.e. Wednesday, Thursday)

ddd – shortened or abbreviated name of the day (i.e. Wed, Thurs)

dd  – It specifies the two digit form (i.e. 02, 13)

d  – It specifies the one or two digit form (i.e. 2, 13)

  • y – Year

yyyy – it specifies the four digit form of the year (i.e. 2000, 2011)

yy – it specifies the two digit form of the year (i.e. 98, 07)

  • AM/PM – it specifies that a time should be displayed using the 12-hour format of the clock, then followed by AM or PM.

For a better understanding on how to use the TEXT function in Microsoft Excel, here is an example.

Commonly, the TEXT function is used to insert dates into text values. As an example, “Nick Peterson” is contained in cell A3 and “11/02/1977” is contained in cell B3. You can click on C3 and type this formula on the formula bar: =A3 & “ “ & TEXT(B3, “dd/m/yy”). The result that will be displayed in cell C3 is: “Nick Peterson 11/2/77”.

Excel’s TEXT Function Uses

You can also apply this function in these two cases:

  • You want to alter the cell’s display at run time (as an example, you want to show greater values which doesn’t include the function).
  • You want to add text to the content of a cell (as an example, “$3.23 discount” rather than “$3.23”)

TREND Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

In Microsoft Excel, the TREND function utilizes the least squares method fitting the line to the particular known points. Thus, it takes back the corresponding value of y, which might be considered a range for the particular values of x. Here are the following helpful steps to show you how to use the TREND function in Microsoft Excel.


  • Learn the formula of the TREND function in Microsoft Excel.
  • Next, you have to enter the array, which is for “known_y_values. Moreover, the set of the identified values of y for the particular equation y is equal to mx + b. Every column of the given values of x is definitely interpreted as the separate variable since the known_y_values appears in the single row.
  • Then, you have to supply the elective array for the known_x_values. A set of identified values of x for y is equivalent to mx plus b. Additionally, the known_x_values array consists of additional sets of variables. The known_y_values and known_x_values might have various dimensions, which are equal if it uses only single variable.
  • Present new_ x_values as the values you like for x match up with y values. The new_x_values requires to have a column or even a row in every autonomous variable. Consequently, the new_x_variables and known_x_variables have similar number of columns and rows if the known_y_value is within the single column or row.
  • Then you have to include ‘const’ as the logical value, which sets the constant b into zero. Moreover, the value given for b calculates typically if the const is TRUE then you have to set it to zero of the const is considered FALSE. Therefore, the said argument might be omitted or deleted and uses the default value of zero.

TREND Function in Microsoft Excel returns the values of the linear trend. Thus, it fits the straight line through the least squares method down to the arrays of ‘known_x’s’ and ‘know_y’s’. Therefore, it returns the values of y to that line within the specified new_x’s array.

  • Known_y’s is considered the set values of y that the user already knows within the relationship of y equal to mx plus b.
  • If the known_y’s array is within the single column, that’s why every known_x’s column is being read as separate variable.
  • If an array of known_y’s is within the single row. Then every known_x’s row is being read as separate variable.
  • The known_x’s is considered as an optional value, which you might know within the relationship of y equal to mx plus b.

The known_x’s array includes one or even more sets of the variables. The known_x’s and known_y’s can be the ranges of some shape, thus it’s only required if one of the variable is being used as long as these variables have similar dimensions. The known_y’s is considered the vector if over one variable’s being used.

  • If the known_x’s is excluded then it’s presumed to be 1,2,3,….. array, which is the similar size as the known_y’s.
  • New_x’s are the latest values of x, which the user want the function TREND to return with the corresponding values of y.
  • Const is considered the logical value, which specifies whether the constant value of b should be forced to be equal to zero.

TRIM Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

The Microsoft Company is really great that it has created such very powerful computer software known as the Microsoft Excel. Excel has a wide variety of useful functions that can be used in various ways, either by nonprofessional or even by the experts. The Excel functions offer lots of benefits to the user, whether for business, mathematical or financial use. This computer software can perform complex function that helps people make their job easier. Although most users utilize Excel for its simple functions, it still features numerous complex functions that would benefit especially those professionals in their respective specializations.

Maybe, some of you import or copy text from other applications and paste it to your Excel spreadsheet. Then, you found out that the text that’s been imported contains distracting spaces among its words. Suddenly, you would ask yourself, “Is there an Excel function that can fix the irregularities in the word spacing of any particular text?” The answer to that question is yes. Microsoft Excel also features a function known as TRIM function, which is utilized to remove those distracting spaces that can cause irregularities in your data. To learn more about this TRIM function, read on this article because it provides you the description of a TRIM function, steps on how to use it in some versions of Excel and some examples that can help to gain knowledge about this function.

Overview of a TRIM Function Meant for Microsoft Excel

If you have received, imported or pasted a text into your Excel spreadsheet which contains disturbing spaces, the Excel’s TRIM function will assist you to eliminate them. These spaces will make your data quite unprofessional. Aside from this, these spaces will interrupt when you attempt to locate duplicate values in your data since incorrect spaces will distort the results.

In Microsoft Excel, TRIM function been utilized to eliminate the entire spaces from its text. But there is an exception: the sole word spacing inside the words of the content is removed. This TRIM function’s very useful especially when you need to eliminate extra spaces between the texts that you imported from other applications. The formula required for TRIM function:


Wherein, its “text” argument refers to the text or content with irregular spaces which needs to be eliminated. Always remember that a text argument must be enclosed in double quotations.

To learn more about TRIM function, here is an example. “Hello World” is contained in cell B8 and you wish to eliminate the extra spaces from its content. Then TRIM function formula should be entered like this:

=TRIM(“Hello World”)

After doing that, you will notice that the extra spaces from its text are eliminated and what’s left is sole word spacing among the words.

Alternatively, you can enter in the formula the cell reference instead of using the actual text. For instance, if you prefer to eliminate the extra spaces from text contained in cell B8, then TRIM function formula should be entered like this:


For a better understanding on how to utilize a TRIM function, this article provides you a detailed procedure that you can utilize in Microsoft Excel 2007 and 2003.

How to Use TRIM Function Designed for Microsoft Excel 2007

As an example, “Angelina Jolie” is contained in cell B4.

  • Click on cell C4 in your worksheet.
  • Next, click on “Formulas” on the Ribbon.
  • In the Function Library, click on the “Text” button and then click TRIM from the list. After doing that, the Function Arguments Dialog box will display.
  • Then, click on B4.
  • Finally, click the OK button.
  • You will notice that all the uneven spaces from its text in cell B4 are removed.

How to Utilize TRIM Function Intended for Excel 2003

  • Click on cell C4 on your worksheet.
  • Adjacent to the formula bar, look for the Insert Function button and click it.
  • Then click on the category list arrow and choose and click Text which you can find from the list.
  • From the list of functions, click on TRIM and then click the OK button. After doing that, the Function Arguments dialog box will display.
  • Click on cell B4.
  • Finally, click the OK button.

Once again, you will notice that all the unequal spaces within the text are removed.

TRIMMEAN Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

One of the vital applications that you should set up in your computer is the Microsoft Excel. Microsoft Excel is one of the frequently used software programs today. It can help you do mathematical problem easily, let you store workflow, cash flow, business information, data graphs etc., and it is one of the most essential application that you can find. However, for you to be able to use the application you got to be familiar with its function. And one of the mostly used functions in Excel is the TRIMMEAN Function. What is it? How you can use the function in excel?

TRIMMEAN Basic Description:

TRIMMEAN function computes the trimmed mean or the truncated mean of the supplied set of value.

Syntax for this function is:

= TRIMMEAN (array, percent)

Wherein, array argument is considered as array of numeric values, which you like to compute the trimmed means and percent argument tells the percentage of value that must be discarded from the set of value.

How to Use the TRIMMEAM Function in Excel?

Excel TRIMMEAN function computes the mean from the data set where the percentage of top and bottom points are being excluded and then returns its value. It is also used to exclude the outlying data from analysis. Here are some steps on how you employ the said function in excel.


  • Learn the syntax of the TRIMMEAN function first. It’s TRIMMEAN (array, percent).
  • Then you have to supply to the “array” argument the array of values from which to calculate and trim the mean.
  • After, include exclusion_percentage as decimal fraction of the values, which to be eliminated from the computation. Moreover, half of the fraction would be trimmed starting from the top then half of them are trimmed from the bottom.
  • Examine the evaluated “percent” argument. TRIMMEAN displays the error value #NUM! when the “percentage” argument is below zero or above zero. The total quantity of values that are to be eliminated is rounded off to its nearest even numeral, so this equals to the quantity of values trimmed from bottom and top. The symmetry is maintained to avoid bias.
  • Consider the set of thirty points of data having the 0.1 percent. Then, it will result to three exact values. However, the number is rounded-off to two having one value, which is being excluded or eliminated from the bottom and top.

To make it simple, the TINV function returns the interior mean of the set of data. Thus, the array is considered range or array of values which involves average and trimming. Then, the other one is percentage. This is considered the fractional quantity of data points, which is excluding from the calculation.


  • If the percent value is less than zero or its greater than one, then the function TRIMMEAN returns the error #NUM! value.
  • In Microsoft Excel, TRIMMEAN function rounds the numeric value of the eliminated points of data down to its nearest multiple, which is two. Moreover, if the percent = 0.1, ten percent of the thirty points is equivalent to three points. TRIMMEAN function excludes one value from the bottom and top of the set of data, which is for symmetry.

TTEST Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

Excel application helps you in the trickiest files that you have to work in office or in school. It aids you put data in numerals or alphabets so easily. However, for you to do this you have to be familiar with the excel functions, when and how you can use it. One of the functions that you need to learn is the TTest function.

TTest Function Basics

TTest function computes the probability linked with student T Test, which’s normally used in identifying whether 2 data sets are possibly need to come from similar 2 underlying populations with similar mean.

The syntax for this function is:

= TTest (array1, array2, tails, type)

Wherein the functions arguments are:

Array1 – first data set

Array2 – second data set (should have similar length as Array1)

Tails – number of tails for distribution. This should be either:

1-      use one tailed distribution

2-      use two tailed distribution

Type – integer that represent kind of TTest. It can be either:

1 – Paired Ttest

2 – 2 sample equal variance of Ttest

3 – A3 2 sample unequal variance Ttest

Ttest uses data in array1 and array2 to calculate the non negative t stat. when tails equals to one, Ttest return to the probability of higher value of T stat under assumptions that the array1 and array2 are just sample from population with similar mean. Value returned by the Ttest if tails equals to two is doubled which returns if tails equals to one and correspond to probability higher than the absolute value of T stat under similar population mean.

How to Use Ttest Function in Excel?

To use the function in excel, here are some of the steps that you can follow:

  • First, you have to learn the syntax for the function, which is Ttest (array1, array2, tails, and type)
  • Then, give the array1 and the array2 as data sets. Ttest would use the data to calculate the non negative t stat. Ttest would return to #N/A when the data sets has unlike size and the type is one paired Ttest.
  • After that, use the tails showing the desired numbers of distribution tail. Ttest would return to #NUM! When the tails are number other than one or two, Ttest would return to #VALUE! When tails are non numeric
  • Input the value of one for tails as one tailed distribution. Ttest would return the probability of higher stat, assuming that populations represented by array1 and array2 have with the same mean. The value of two would use the tailed distributions which returns the value as high as one returned for one tailed distributions. The values are probability that absolute value of T stat is higher with the use of same population means assumption.
  • Identify type as the kind of Ttest to perform. The type of one indicate the paired Ttest, the type of two is two sample equal or homoscedastic variance and the type of three indicate the two sample unequal or heteroscedastic variance. The Ttest will return to #VALUE! When the type is non numeric.

UPPER Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

MS Excel is just one software programs that is manufactured as well as developed by MS Corporation that let the users calculate, format, and arrange data by using formulas in a spreadsheets. Spreadsheet is a type of system that’s broken up by columns or rows. MS Excel is well-matched with other application product sets offered by the Microsoft Company. Multiplan is first mere soft programs similar to Microsoft Excel. First software released was in 1982.

Software programs are organized info through the structures of programs, operating systems, utilities and application that let the personal computer work. It’s written and organized by computer programmer with right and important code and instruction in various exceptional languages of computers. It includes licensing requirements and agreements as well. Software program documentation has complete information on limitations, design details, features as well as capabilities of application software or system. Software manual comes along with printed documents or added software part on Disk as well.

MS Excel software programs are spreadsheet tools that have the ability to carry out calculations, integrate info through any kind programs and analyze data. It is comprise of organizational bodies known as work books. Standard workbook comprises of work sheets or chart sheets. Work sheet or spread sheets carry out data storing and organizing, calculations, presenting graphics and control like web page. Therefore, it’ considered flexible since it includes million of cells.  The cell is accountable for keeping formula that functions to compute and communicate some other applications like database. Spread sheets present and accumulate data as well. Worksheets or spreadsheets are typically employed in engineering as well as business calculation along with some arithmetic functions. MS Excel has several uses in terms of business and engineering. An application of Visual Basic is the key force and the language for powerful programming behind the capabilities of MS Excel. These are the following uses of Excel in business as well as in engineering.

  • Problem optimization utilizing the crystal ball and solver
  • Software design
  • Model and team integration
  • Quick charting and analysis
  • Automated generation report
  • Advanced modeling and numerical simulation
  • Data analysis and sorting
  • Information control and command
  • Constraint project monitoring
  • Database control and communication
  • Integration of real time to different applications
  • Multiple programming for language with C code or DLL and Fortran

Most company time and funds are not invested through the development of software tools from its progress within computer languages with the functions of the MS Excel. Companies consequently use the computer languages by maintaining the large population of staffs due to its succession. The programmers often use Microsoft Excel function and formulas and one functions is UPPER function.

Conversion of the Uppercase into Lowercase:

With conversion, utilize Excel lower function converting the entire uppercase letters into lowercase letters within the text string. The function is located within the Text category in the dialog box of the Insert Function. For instance, uppercase text – CLYDE E. WASHINGTON; the function formula will be – “LOWER(A1) that resulted to – clyde e.washington.

Using the Excel Upper Function:

The upper function in MS Excel converts the precise text to the uppercase. It automatically returns the specific text with lowercase letters replaced by the equivalent uppercase result. Uppercase character or without equivalent uppercase changes.


  • Study the upper syntax – “UPPER(test_text)”
  • Identify “test_text” like the potential conversion of text to the upper case. It could be a string or a reference.
  • Proper and lower functions are similar when you compare it with the upper function. Proper switches the first mere letter of every word to the upper case. If possible, the user must have to capitalize the first string character like each of the letter following a character, which is not merely letter.
  • Study and learn several of the basic and simple examples for the proper use of the UPPER function. For example: UPPER (“456789”) = 456789. Notice that character has no equivalent uppercase, therefore, no changes are to be made. UPPER(“TEXT TEST”) = TEXT TEST. There are no needed changes since the text is already in uppercase. UPPER(“text test”) = TEXT TEST. Each of the letters is converted into uppercase.
  • Examine and observe several uses of the Upper function in Excel on cells that have mixed text like B2 = “Upper Test Case” and C2 = “Def456”. Thus, the UPPER(B2) is the mixture of cases showing each evaluated character separately and thus if needed, it is converted to the uppercase. In the case of UPPER(C2) = DEF456, wherein ‘e’ and ‘f’ are capitalized although numbers are not affected by the UPPER function.

VAR Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

The Excel has hundreds of functions and formulas wherein they are used mostly in calculating, evaluating, formatting, etc. One of this is the VAR function. The Variance is statistical evaluation that is usually used across sets of values, to recognize the total that the values differ from average value.

VAR Function Basics

Excel VAR functions returns the variation of sample set of value from the population.

VAR Function Syntax:

= VAR (number1, [numer2], …)

Wherein, number arguments offer the minimum of two numerical values of function. You can put more than 254 numbers of arguments to VAR function 2007 or in Excel 2010, though you can just enter more than thirty number arguments for Excel of 2003.


VAR function is being used if cunning the variance for sample of population, which is when the data set the record of the person’s height of sample UK males. When you are to calculate the variance for the whole population, you have to use Excel VARP or Excel VAR function.

Also, VAR function ignores the text values as well as the logical values when these values are full as a fraction of array. On the other hand, when they are supplied straight to the functions, text presentation of number and the logical values are being interpreted as number. Sample variance calculation which doesn’t ignore logical values and text are supplied as piece of the array in consideration with the VARA, if you like.

How to Use the VAR Functions in Excel?

Excel’s VAR functions estimate the variance of population by simply calculating the complex variance of samples. This function is the same to the VARA except that the VAR doesn’t accept logical values, errors, or text. Here are some steps that will show how you can make use of Excel’s VAR function.

  • Primarily, you have to learn syntax for this function, which is VAR (num_1, num_2…) wherein the number_1, number_2…are more than 30 values including the population sample. The VAR needs at least 1 number as argument. Use the VARP to calculate the variance when the values stand for the whole population.
  • Learn the suitable argument types for VAR function. These can be consists of names, arrays, numbers or references which contain the number. Basically, numbers in array or reference would be counted. Error values, empty cells, logical values or the content will be ignored.
  • Enter the text representation of the numbers and the logical values straight in the argument lists. Error values or the text that doesn’t stand for numbers would cause error. Make use of VARA function to take in logical values or the text representation of number in reference.
  • Compute the VAR as amount (value – AVERAGE (value one, value two…)) ^2/ (n-1) in which the value refers to every value of the population samples and size of population sample. For instance:

VAR(1345,1301,1368,1322,1310,1370,1318,1350,1303,1299) = 754.2666667.

  • Look at the ways used to detect the variance. Version of Excel before Excel 2003 completed this calculation in single pass. The accurateness was enhanced in Excel 2003 as well as the later version through using two pass procedures to minimize the round-off error.

VARA Excel Formula

Author Zaheer    Category Formulas     Tags ,

Microsoft Excel is one of important application in your computer. It helps you make calculations, graphs, and statistical work easier to handle. However, you have to be familiar with the excel application first and learn its functions to help you with your assignment or workflow. One of the essential functions in Excel is VARA Function. What is VARA Function?

Basic Description:

VARA function computes the estimated variance of population from sets of sample values.

VARA Function Formula:

= VARA (numberone, numbertwo …number_n)

Where, number 1, number2, and …number_n could be a numerical value, reference to the range of cells or the name range of which you like to look for the variance up to thirty data points. VARA function accept logical values if entered directly in the function as argument or if referenced, though it will ignore the other terms not identified as the numerical value.


The arguments which are text that can’t be translated in numerical values or that contains errors would cause the function to return the error value.

VARA function returns the quantity of the difference of population which shows how distributed the data of population is. This can be thought of square of standard deviations as well or more particularly the average squared deviation forms the mean.

When the variance is need to be more precise use the VARP function and then calculate the variance with the application of the whole population of value. [The VARP () functions knowledge base].

Steps on How to Utilize VARA functions:

VARA function estimate variance of population based in the sample and returns the compound variances of the sample. The function isso identical to the VAR except with the VARA accept errors, text as well as logical values. Here are some steps on how you can useVARA functions in Excel.

  • First, you have to learn its syntax of VARA function. It is the VARA (numberone, numbertwo …number_n) where number 1, number 2, and number_n are more than thirty values to stand for population sample.
  • Study valid arguments type for VARA function. It can be of any kinds: logical values, text representation, names or numbers. The text can’t be translated in number for this will causes an error.
  • Names could be in a forms of array or in a form of reference that contains number. With this, values on the range or reference which could be translated in number will be use. Empty the cells as well as text values would be ignored.
  • Then, enter logical value and text representatives of number directly in argument list, when you like. Logical value could also be reference which can equal to true / false. Argument which contains True assessed as one and arguments which contains false / text assess as zero. Use VARA function when you don’t likesto includes logical value or the text representatives of number in calculations.
  • Compute VARA function as sum of the (value- AVERAGE (number1, number2, …number_n)) ^2/ (n-one) whereas the value is every value in population and n are size of population samples. For instance, VARA (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) = 3.5