Historical Background of the Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel is the spreadsheet application, which is written as well as distributed by Microsoft Company for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows. This software program features graphing tools, macro programming, and calculation as well as pivot tables. In the language of macro programming, it is called Applications of Visual Basics. It is the most widely used software program for applying spreadsheet platforms introduced since the 1993 version 5. Then, it placed entirely by Lotus 123 as the spreadsheet of the standard industry. Excel has been part of the Microsoft office. There are two current versions of Microsoft Excel – Mac OS X 2011 and for Microsoft Windows 2010.

Microsoft Excel has its basic and essential features of the entire spreadsheet that uses the cell grids arranged in columns for letter-named and numbered rows organizing manipulations for data such as arithmetic operations. It has billions of supplied functions answering all the queries for engineering, statistical and financial matters. Besides, Excel can display and feature data as charts, histograms, line graphs and a limited graphical and three-dimensional display.

Excel allows the data sectioning viewing its dependencies in different factor from its various points of view. These different perspectives uses scenario manager and pivot table. It has also VBA that allows the user to utilize numerical methods with its wide varieties then it also aims to report back the result to the Excel spreadsheet. For more wide elaboration, Microsoft Excel Application can poll automatically the external databases. It is also the instrument for using and measuring the schedule updating, making of slide show for PowerPoint and Word report thus analyzing the results. Microsoft Excel allows an optional number for switches to command line controlling the manner when Excel begins to run.

In Microsoft Excel, there are various functions and formulas that are being utilized in every data sorting, calculation and many other usages. Functions have the capacity to do different purposes in the spreadsheet. One of the functions which are often used is the IMCONJUGATE. In Microsoft Excel, complex conjugate or the IMCONJUGATE function will determine two provided conditions that are met. First, the numbers are placed in its rectangular form. Second, proper function is being used.

In directly entering the number, the user must have to take the different steps.

  • Hit the drop down function arrow button.
  • Choose the button “more functions”
  • Among various functions, choose “IMCONJUGATE”

This is to remind the user that the certain value is directly entered. Arguments or the complex numbers are entered using the certain values from the referenced cell. IMCONJUGATE displayed in rectangular form. IMCONJUGATE function in Microsoft Excel returns the complex conjugate of the given certain complex number “a+ib within text format. The IMCONJUGATE function syntax is “=IMCONJUGATE(inumber). iNumber is considered the complex number, which the user likes to search for the complex conjugate.


The user can use the complex or IMCONJUGATE function in converting imaginary and real coefficients within the complex number. If the function argument are not within the a+jb or a+ib format and then the function takes back the error value of the #NUM!. Thus, the user can also use the cell reference as the argument within the excel function.

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